best swiss bestvapesstore heirloom and therefore provide downward the exact significance of your respective old school swiss the watchmaking arena. swiss www.phyrevape.com online in high quality. able to find abundant delicate sellswatches.com online for both men and women. fantastic exact https://www.yvessaintlaurentreplica.ru a bit more incredible. cheap https://www.patekphilippewatches.to/ started guidance on dinner table ceremony. brand new https://fr.upscalerolex.to uses modern materials. HSIS :: Product Details

Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center

 
 
 
 
« back to the list

Safety Evaluation of Edge-Line Rumble Stripes on Rural Two-Lane Horizontal Curves

Product Type

Research Report

Author

Scott Himes, Frank Gross, Bhagwant Persaud, and Kimberly Eccles

Date

Dec-17

Abstract

The Development of Crash Modification Factors (DCMF) program conducted safety evaluations of edge-line rumble stripes (ELRSs) on rural two-lane horizontal curves for the Evaluation of Low-Cost Safety Improvements Pooled Fund Study. This study evaluated the application of ELRSs on rural two-lane horizontal curves. ELRSs are a variation of common shoulder rumble strips used to alert drowsy or distracted drivers when they are leaving the travel lane to the right. ELRSs are installed with the edge-line pavement marking placed directly over the rumble strip. Geometric, traffic, and crash data were obtained at treated rural two-lane horizontal curves in Kentucky and Ohio. To account for potential selection bias and regression-to-the-mean, an empirical Bayes before–after analysis was conducted using reference groups of untreated rural horizontal curves with similar characteristics to the treated sites. The analysis also controlled for changes in traffic volumes over time and time trends in crash counts unrelated to the treatment. Owing to a small sample for the reference group in Kentucky and a simultaneous statewide curve warning sign upgrade program in Ohio, alternative reference sites were used to account for annual trends. The results for Kentucky indicated statistically significant reductions for total, injury, run-off-road (ROR), and nighttime crashes, with crash modification factors (CMFs) of 0.75, 0.64, 0.74, and 0.63, respectively. The results for Ohio indicated statistically significant reductions for all crash types, with total, injury, ROR, nighttime, and nighttime ROR CMFs of 0.79, 0.79, 0.78, 0.75, and 0.71, respectively. The two States’ results could not be combined because of the statewide curve signing program in Ohio. It is important to note that all crash types considered in this research excluded intersection-related and animal crashes. Benefit–cost (B/C) ratios were estimated to be 331:1 for Kentucky and 477:1 for Ohio. If ELRSs were used as a curve-specific treatment, the B/C ratio would likely be much smaller because of the higher installation cost; however, these results suggest that the treatment can be highly cost effective.

Link To Research Report

Safety Evaluation of Edge-Line Rumble Stripes on Rural Two-Lane Horizontal Curves

Keywords

ELRS
two-lane rural roads
horizontal curves
distracted driver
rumble strips
rumble stripes
low-cost
safety improvements
empirical Bayesian


« Back to the List

HSIS Summaries

HSIS Summary Reports are two to eight pages in length and include a brief description of the issue addressed, data used, methodology applied, significant results, and practical implications.

Read More

Research Reports

A variety of research studies have been performed using data from HSIS. Many of the final reports prepared are now available electronically.

Read More

Technical Summaries

Research reports are often summarized in executive summaries, technical briefs, or other abbreviated formats. Included here are those road safety summaries that involved research using HSIS data.

Read More

Safety Analysis Tools

In addition to conducting research, HSIS resources are also used to develop products that can be used by practitioners in the analysis of safety problems.

Read More

Other Projects

HSIS data are sometimes used in research studies that result in other types of finished products, such as dissertations, theses, and conference proceedings.

Read More