Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center

« back to the list

Application of Innovative Time Series Methodology to Relationship Between Retroreflectivity of Pavem

Product Type

Journal Article


Masliah, M., G. Bahar, and E. Hauer



Full citation

Masliah, M., G. Bahar, and E. Hauer. Application of Innovative Time Series Methodology to Relationship Between Retroreflectivity of Pavement Markings and Crashes. In Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2019, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2007, pp. 199-126.


The innovative time series methodology that is presented was used to examine the relationship between the safety impact of longitudinal pavement markings and their retroreflectivity. The need for the methodology was determined through an examination of the pavement marking safety literature, the desire to build on previous retroreflectivity research, and an understanding of how retroreflectivity is a function of the age of pavement markings and markers. The time series methodology involves solving for multipliers that represent the change in the expected number of crashes as a function of pavement marking retroreflectivity while simultaneously solving for seasonal effect multipliers. The time series methodology is explained in detail; its usefulness has been demonstrated through the analysis of 8 years of pavement marking and marker installation data, traffic volumes, and crash data. Safety effect multipliers were solved for yellow and white pavement markings separately and in combination. The multipliers covered different road types and crash severities by using retroreflectivity models and Californias data for more than 118,000 nonintersection, nondaylight (night, dawn, and dusk) recorded crashes. To apply the time series methodology, it was necessary to develop retroreflectivity models as a function of age, color, marking material type or marker type, climate region, and amount of snow removal. The results showed that retroreflectivity levels have no effect to a small effect on the safety performance of those roadways maintained to a reasonable level of pavement marking.

Available From

Transportation Research Board

Link To Journal Article

Application of Innovative Time Series Methodology to Relationship Between Retroreflectivity of Pavem


Marking materials
Mathematical models
Nighttime accidents
Road markings
Statistical analysis
Time series analysis

« Back to the List

HSIS Summaries

HSIS Summary Reports are two to eight pages in length and include a brief description of the issue addressed, data used, methodology applied, significant results, and practical implications.

Read More

Research Reports

A variety of research studies have been performed using data from HSIS. Many of the final reports prepared are now available electronically.

Read More

Technical Summaries

Research reports are often summarized in executive summaries, technical briefs, or other abbreviated formats. Included here are those road safety summaries that involved research using HSIS data.

Read More

Safety Analysis Tools

In addition to conducting research, HSIS resources are also used to develop products that can be used by practitioners in the analysis of safety problems.

Read More

Other Projects

HSIS data are sometimes used in research studies that result in other types of finished products, such as dissertations, theses, and conference proceedings.

Read More