All of the selected States maintain basic crash files, roadway inventory files, and traffic files. In addition, individual States also collect other types of data. Depending on the particular problem being studied, files from one or more States may be used by the analyst. The following table indicates the files that are available.
Crash — Contains basic accident, vehicle, and occupant information on a case-by-case basis. Typical data include type of accident, type of vehicle, sex and age of occupants, fixed-object struck, accident severity, and weather conditions.
Roadway — Contains information on roadway cross-section and the type of roadway. Data include the number of lanes, lane width, shoulder width and type, median width, rural/urban designation, and functional classification.
HSIS contains only police-reported accident data on the State-maintained highway system. The size of the State-maintained system depends on the policies of the State and is not necessarily proportional to the size of the State. Data for the original five HSIS States are available from 1985, while data for the three new HSIS States are available from 1991, and data for Ohio is available from 1997. The following table provides an indication of the quantity of data available.
|First Available Year||Average